Managing People In Hostile Environments
- May 11, 2021
- Posted by: SSDC Online Nigeria
- Category: blog
Questions related to managing people in hostile environments have become more central on the agenda of business leaders and HR professionals in MNCs. This is due to developments such as the increase of terrorism or the political instability in many regions. In consequence, research on the role of HR in hostile environments has increased as well, though it can still be considered in its early stages. We would like to review the current state of research on managing people in a hostile environment. In particular, with this article, we contribute to the literature by developing a conceptual framework that distinguishes between micro-, meso- and macro-level research and charts progress, mechanisms, and results. We call this the Situation – Response – Outcome (SRO) Framework of HRM in hostile environments. Depending on the level of analysis, the framework further differentiates between pre-crisis, acute-crisis, and post-crises phases of HRM in hostile environments. As a result, it serves as the basis to cluster existing literature around it and to show avenues for future research.
1 We define ‘hostile environment’ as a country, region, or specified location, which is subject to war, terrorism, insurgency, civil unrest, or extreme levels of crime, banditry, lawlessness, or public disorder.
2 When working on this part of the introductory article, we felt that some of the best experts are, in fact the authors contributing to this Special Issue. Thus, besides summarizing what they wrote in their respective articles, we approached them via E-mail and asked them to share their thoughts with us. We gladly incorporated their valuable feedback when drafting the section on new grounds in research on people management in hostile environments.